Mesothelioma can occur in three major areas of the body and can eventually spread beyond those areas. But the cancer is diagnosed as one of three types of mesothelioma based on where the disease begins. Generally, the mesothelial cells in the lining of the lungs, abdominal cavity and heart are the areas where mesothelioma originally develops before spreading further in the body.
It is also possible, but rare, for mesothelioma to develop in the scrotum sac. Patients with this type of mesothelioma may form a hydrocele (an accumulation of serous fluid in a sac-like cavity, such as the scrotum) or have a hernia. The type of mesothelioma that people often know the most about is pleural mesothelioma.
Common Types of Mesothelioma
- Pleural mesothelioma, or mesothelium pleural, is the most common type of mesothelioma. It accounts for 75% of all diagnosed cases and affects a section of the mesothelium called the pleura. Lung cancer, which can sometimes be confused with mesothelioma, affects the lung itself whereas mesothelioma pleural affects the tissue lining the lungs. Mesothelioma plural occurs when there is malignant pleural effusion or an increased amount of fluid that is cancerous and makes it difficult to breathe.
- Peritoneal mesothelioma is the second most common type of malignant mesothelioma. 10-20% of all reported cases will fall into this particular type. The section of the mesothelium affected by this type of cancer is the lining of the abdomen. The reason that the abdominal lining is affected is that inhaled asbestos fibers travel through the digestive tract and become stuck causing a tumor to develop.
- Pericardial mesothelioma is not very common at all and only about 150 cases have been reported. This type of mesothelioma affects the lining of the heart.
Find More Information on
- Alternative Mesothelioma Treatment
- Arriving at a Mesothelioma Diagnosis
- Mesothelioma Prognosis
- Mesothelioma Statistics
- Mesothelioma Symptoms
- Mesothelioma Treatment
- Stages of Mesothelioma